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City of Bergen
Bergen, founded in 1070, is the second largest city in Norway and has approximately 270,000 inhabitants. The city is known as “The Gateway to the Fjords of Norway” and is famous for being surrounded by seven mountain peaks. The public transportation in the city is managed mainly by Skyss, a public company owned by the County Council of Hordaland. In addition to the city's light rail, “Bybanen”, which was re-opened in 2010, Bergen also operates trolley buses. Bergen continues to strive to make its transport system more sustainable through a multi-faced approach involving electric mobility, car-sharing, mobility management and increasing the modal share of cyclists.
Electrification of the transport system - Norway has the best incentives in the world for electric cars, and the policy is working surprisingly well. The best-selling car models in Bergen are now the electric ones, and the demand for charging infrastructure is exploding. The City of Bergen is working hard to change parking regulations and support private initiatives for common charging infrastructure. With the County of Hordaland and several other partners we are building a strategically located “super-charging point”, with up to 25 fast-chargers and a hydrogen refuelling station. The City of Bergen also wants to lead the way by gradually changing to zero-emission vehicles in its own fleet of about 700 cars. Through carpooling, mobility management and electric bikes the city will also reduce the number of cars in its fleet by 20%.
Changing the mobility culture - A change in technology to electric cars is effective when addressing local pollution problems, but in order to solve all the other transport issues, a substantial change in the mobility culture of the city is required. Bergen is working on strategies to improve bicycle infrastructure, to increase the currently very low modal share of bicycles. Bergen also needs a strengthened public transport system to cope with the expected growth in population and reduce private car traffic at the same time.
Some of the newer solutions for more sustainable mobility are linked to the transition to the sharing economy or the collaborative consumption. Bergen has a well-run car-sharing service offered by the cooperative “Bildeleringen". Bergen is also collaborating with regional and state authorities to promote instant ridesharing via smartphones and newly developed apps that connect drivers and passengers and even taxi and bus services. http://www.2pluss.eu/